Where were the Effekten-, Frucht-, Mehl-, Produkten- börse & their pneumatic posts?

Back to main narrative The pipes Cancellations list EffektenBörse Frucht-, Mehl-, Produkten-börse Searching the archives

Summary:

  1. In 1872 the Vienna Stock Exchange moved from Herrengasse into Schottenring 19-25.
  2. On 1.3.1875 their Pneumatic Post Station opened in that building. It was numbered 10 in the 1875 Decree but mail to it received the route mark 8.
  3. In 1876 the Produce Exchange was formally separated from the Stock Exchange.
  4. On 19.3.1877 the Stock Exchange moved into their new building at Schottenring 16 and took their pneumatic service with them. The Produce Exchange stayed put (as Fruchtbörse).
  5. In 1879 the Produce Exchange, which had remained in Schottenring 19-25, got its own pneumatic station there, using the old pipe; it was assigned the Instradierungs-Chiffre 11.
  6. On 1.9.1890 the Produce Exchange moved to Bez. II, Taborstrasse 10 as Produktenbörse and its pneumatic station was renumbered 36.
  7. In 1892, as part of the 'Great Renumbering', the Post Office of the Stock Exchange at Schottenring 16 became number 7.

Note: references with a pale grey background will when clicked 'spawn' a second window; close it when you've read it and this page will still be there.

Chronology

When

What

Source or Proof

1761 onThe Börse opened in 1761; after a succession of booms & crashes the first Patent was issued in 1771; after another succession of booms & crashes the Second Patent was issued in 1854. The Great Crash was in 1873.The Blackprint text for the stamp "200 Jahre Wiener Börse", ANK1397, issued 1 Sep 1971.
1872The Börse moved from the Nationalbankgebäude, Herrengasse 2, to a "provisional building" at Schottenring 19-25.Groner, Richard: "Wien wie es war", pub. Wien 1966, page 73. Note that the building is on a corner, so Schottenring 19 and Börsegasse 16 are the same address.
1873Fruchtbörse founded as separate department; formalised by the 1875 Stock Exchanges Act & opened in 1876.The 200 Jahre Blackprint
1872?
1874?
Construction of new Börse building begun at Schottenring 16 (where it still is today)Groner says 1874; the Blackprint and the 1891 Baedeker say 1872.
21 Jan 1874Approval given for construction of Pneumatic Post system"Geschichte der Wiener Rohrpost - von Dr Hans Hajek" page 5
1 Mar 1875Pneumatic Post system opens for service; 10th Station in the Decree's list is "in der prov. Börse am Schottenring"V.Oe.TA-Blatt No 3 of 19 Mar 1875.
1 Apr 1875Börse Act passed.The 200 Jahre Blackprint
1875Map "Pneumatischer Telegraph In Wien" dated 1875; shows the pneumatic pipe route drawn on a Vienna street planFound by Fluck in the Vienna 'Post and Telegraph Museum'.
1875 [1900]" similarly from the Centrale a branch ran to the Börse (Station VIII)". "Zeitschrift Fur Post Und Telegraphie" dated 20 January 1900; [PDF] article entitled "25th Year Jubilee of the Vienna Rohrpost".
19 Mar 1877Börse moves into new building, Schottenring 16Groner and the Blackprint
Groner says the provisional building was demolished in 1877, but this cannot be true (unless it was rebuilt) because the Fruchtbörse was still there in 1880: see 10.7.1880 entry below
1879"10-station-names" pneu stationery includes "Bez I Börse"Examples: Ascher Postcard 1
8 Aug 1879List of 10 pneumatic offices includes "I Bezirk Börse"V.Oe.TA-Blatt No 16 of 8 Aug 1879
Late 1879Fruchtbörse pneumatic office opened; given Instradierungs-Chiffre 11Hajek p12 & p75a
Klein part 2 chapter 9 item 7798
Hajek says (his p12): "The expansion of the network was begun around the end of the year 1879, in that the Fruchtbörse, at that time still situated in Börsegasse, was connected to the T.Z.St. through a pipeline via the Effektenbörse." Müller, who lists this office as No. 4757 opening in 1880, used the engravers proof book as his main source, not the operating records (if indeed these had survived). Klein, writing after Müller, agreed with Hajek's different dates.
1880"12-station-names" pneu stationery includes "Bez I Börse"Examples: Ascher Postcard 3a
10 July 1880List of 16 pneumatic offices including Effectenbörse at Schottenring 16 and Frucht- u Mehlbörse at Schottenring 19"V.Oe.TA-Blatt No 9 of 10 July 1880". See also "A telegram from the 1880s" towards the end of the section on Telegrams and the Telegraph System
1881"17-station-names" pneumatic stationery includes Bez I Effektenbörse and Bez I FruchtbörseExamples: Ascher Postcard 5a
So do the 27- & 30-name of 1883 (Ascher PC 7, 8) and the 31-name of 1884 (Ascher PC 9aI).
1889Pneumatic cancel "Frucht- U Mehlbörse" issuedListed by Genzler (Die Briefmarke 1989/10 p36-9 "Stempel und Vermerke der Wiener Rohrpost"). Not in Klein. However two examples are known (hown below), so it's real!
1 Sep 1890Fruchtbörse moves to new building at Taborstrasse 10, Bez II; renamed Produktenbörse; pneumatic office renumbered W36.Groner; Klein 7798; Hajek p76
15 Nov 1890The Post Office previously called "Frucht- u Mehlbörse" was renamed ProduktenbörseKlein 5758
The Pneumatic Office previously called "Fruchtbörse" was renamed ProduktenbörseKlein 7798
1892P.A. Effectenbörse at Schottenring 16 / Börsegasse 3 providing Post, Telegraph, Pneumatic & Telephone services; given the number 7 as a Post Office but named "Effbörse" as a Telegraph officeSupplement to P T Verord. Blatt Nr 5 of 1892 listing all Vienna's offices as renumbered, with details of services provided at each.
1892P.A. Produktenbörse, at Taborstrasse 10 / Grosse Mohrengasse 3; providing Post, Telegraph, Pneumatic & Telephone services; given the number 36 as a Post Office but named "Pdbörse" as a Telegraph officeThe same supplement.

Also Klein 5758, which gives date of 10 Jan 1892. Klein 7798 says pneu 'name' later changed to Wien 2/4 P.r

1895Pneumatic station in service at Taborstrasse 10 ProduktenbörsePostmen's Xmas booklet
1932Pneumatic station Nr 7 was in service at Börse Schottenring 16; station Nr 36 was in service at Taborstrasse 10 Produkten-börse1932 Pneu Post Dienstanweisung (operations manual) part 2 page 23

The pipes

Research undertaken in the 1970s by the late John G Fluck brought to light an 1875 map drawn on a Vienna street plan showing the original ten pneumatic stations with the pipes connecting them. Looking closely at an enlargement of this 1875 map shows the Börse building as Station VIII piped to the Central Telegraph Office AND a dotted pipe crossing Schottenring from Börse to a building on the outer side marked Provisorische Börse (it and its pipe are shown on the diagram below in red). On a modern map it's number 19-25 Schottenring; the fuzzy splodge on the 1875 map is at Nr 19's end. Note that Börsegasse (shown in lilac) crosses over Schottenring (in pale yellow) and runs up the left side of the building to Maria-Theresien-Strasse; the boundary of Bezirk I runs down the middle of Maria-Theresien-Strasse and ALL of Börsegasse is in Bezirk I.

The original pneumatic system had compressor houses only at Centrale and Gumpendorf; and it was a single-pipe system. The branch to Börse was operated by blowing the mail-carrying cylinders (the Büchse) from Centrale, and sucking them back. So, it would have been relatively straightforward to move the pneumatic apparatus from the provisional Börse to the permanent one: break into the single pipe from Centrale running under Börsegasse and insert a bend leading into the new building; dismantle move and reassemble the apparatus itself. If the new foundations & trench were done in advance we estimate it would take four days - and after all, they had 3 (maybe 5) years notice! The old pipe would be left in place, crossing under Schottenring to the provisional building and when the volume of mail for the Fruchtbörse rose it was reused for their own pneumatic station. [They could have left the old pneumatic apparatus in the provisional building and installed a new one in the new building; however, in those days labour was cheap and materials expensive.]

The cancellations

The first column is the serial number used in this book for the cancel type or subtype; 'Text' is the wording on the cancel, K/R is the Klein Vol II reference if it begins 'K', the Stohl Rohrpost reference if "R".

 
TypeTextLocation, commentK/R
EFFECTENBÖRSE (1892 office number: 7)
I-16KKPS No 8EffectenbörseK7789a
X-16K.K. Tel. Station Wien BörseRectangular boxed handstamp }used after 
X-18WIEN BÖRSENaked straight line canceller }July 1878 
III-20WIEN EFFECTENBÖRSE K7789b
VI-08WIEN 1/1 E rE = BörseK7789c; R0007a,b
PRODUKTENBÖRSE (1892 office number: 36)
II-02FRUCHTBÖRSE K7834a
III-22WIEN FRUCHTBÖRSE
[PRODUKTENBÖRSE after 1890]
 K7798a
V-06WIEN PRODUKTENBÖRSETaborstraßeK7798b
V-08WIEN FRUCHT- U MEHLBÖRSEPostal cancel?K5758a/b?
VI-06WIEN 2/4 P rP = ProduktenbörseK7798c; R0018a
VIII-0502/4 WIEN 36 * P● *  R0018b
VIII-0522/1 WIEN 36 * P● * Post district altered. Also R, R-no-*R0018c,e,f,g
IX-68T.A. 2 WIEN 36 * R/a * R0018d

EffektenBörse

In July 1878, the oval No. 8 canceller used by the Wien Börse (the Stock Exchange) was damaged and taken out of service. Various "Wien Börse" handstamps were used to replace it, the first being a rectangular boxed handstamp measuring 15x47mm with the wording "K.K. Tel. Station Wien Börse". (Our X-16; sorry, no copy!).


The second handstamp was a straight line canceller with the legend "WIEN BÖRSE". (Our X-18.) This can be found in two formats, Type I measuring 5x32mm and Type II measuring 4.5x38mm. It has been enhanced in the illustration! The date may be 1880.

Here is a second example posted on 28 Jan 1882 (it's on the other side!) with a Type II cancel and sent to Gumpendorferstrasse. Cancel not enhanced.


Single-circle cancellation (Klein 7789b; our III-20) dated 31 May 1887, sent to Kärntnerring.


Following the 1892 renumbering, the abbreviations C.R., E, and P were used for the Telegraph-Centrale, Effektenbörse (Stock Exchange) and Produktenbörse.


From WIEN 1/1 E●r to WIEN 2/4 P●r - Effektenbörse to Produktenbörse, 17 Oct 1893. Klein 7789c; R0007.

Frucht-, Mehl-, Produkten-börse

Several different cancels from the various incarnations of this organisation are known; some rare and some rarer. A selection follows.


K K TELEGRAPHENSTATION FRUCHTBÖRSE dated 12.2.1880


Wien Fruchtbörse to Zieglergasse, office 12. Dated 12 Jan 1884. The message on the card is a cyclostyled notice of a meeting the following day, Sunday, at 11am (electronically enhanced). Klein 1198b.


Ottakring to WIEN FRUCHT U MEHLBÖRSE; note Office Number 11 and the handwritten 1888 11 05. An enhanced copy of a badly-inked original, with an unused specimen of the card (Schneidebauer 11) underlaid to give an idea of the colour. The arrival cancellation date, which would be between the horizontal lines in the middle, is invisible in the original item. The sending cancellation is mostly readable and is 9 10 V 7 X #, where # is 0 possibly preceded by 9. That is, 09:10 on 7 Oct 1890.

The canceller was issued in 1889; on 1 Sep 1890 the Fruchtbörse moved to Taborstrasse 10 which is an eminently sensible office for delivery of a card to Untere Donaustrasse; the routing code was 36 but had only changed from 11 a month previously. Thus, the "1888 11 05" must be the date the card was issued (our references only give years).


Centrale mis-sent to Taborstrasse thence to WIEN FRUCHT U MEHLBÖRSE; note Office Number 11. Despatched 10am 9 Oct 1890, cancelled at Taborstrasse 10 minutes later; the Börse cancel lacks any date/time.



K. K. TELEGRAPHENSTATION FRUCHTBÖRSE. Sent at 10am on 19.9.1891 to district V, arriving at 10:25.



Sent to PRODUCTENTBÖRSE on 27 May 1891. Blue-green arrival cancel.



Sent to PRODUCTENTBÖRSE on 22 Nov 1891. Blue-green arrival cancel. 'Loco' means 'In this place', ie Vienna.


From WIEN 2/4 P which is the Produktenbörse in Taborstrasse; 36 BAHNHOF is its Railway Letter canceller. The splodge at the bottom of the canceller is a doubly-struck ~P●~r The imprinted 15kr pays for pneumatic transit to 101 Westbahnhof; the added 5kr for normal post to Munich.

Searching the archives

Only two examples are known of the "WIEN FRUCHT U MEHLBÖRSE" cancellation. The date, which will be between the horizontal lines in the middle, is invisible in the original items because of bad inking; on one of them it may be xxy/7.X.90 where y is probably V ie its a time followed by a date. The Stempelprotokollebuch "M-Z" which was thought to be lost was discovered by the late Dr Kainz and is now in the archives at Postgasse. Unfortunately that volume is even more damaged, robbed, and vandalised than the other volumes. No trace of the "WIEN FRUCHT U MEHLBÖRSE" cancel could be found. So, the formatting of the date cannot be determined; this would be of interest in that it might indicate whether the canceller was specifically made for pneumatic service.

Andy Taylor formulated the following theory to explain the layout of the Stempelprotokollebuch. At some date, someone decided that it would be a Good Thing to collect together all the cancel-examples from 1882 to 1900, and place them in alphabetical order. This was done by taking the filed copies of the documentation returned by the cancel-makers, on which they had imprinted a cancel-proof to confirm they had done the job, annotated with what had been done (eg repair, brand new, alteration). The annotated cancel was cut out, and the rest of the form recycled. These cut-outs were then sorted into more or less alphabetical order, and stuck into a large (about 24 x 18 inches) book using some type of thin sealing wax.

However, Martin Brumby pointed out that Dr C Kainz had written several articles on the Stempelprotokollebuch. She had stated (in Wurths Yearbook volume 16) that a slip of paper had a blob of sealing wax placed under it; by the striking of the handstamp on the slip of paper the sealing wax was spread out and became a fairly reliable adhesive. She continued by reminding the reader that in 1882 it was decreed that all cancellers would be centrally provided (and paid for!) and that the reason was the changed language laws. These permitted non-German place-names on cancellers, but required the German name to be at the top. The Postal Administration, being cautious bureaucrats, kept a copy of every canceller issued in case they had to prove that misuse was not due to the issued canceller being faulty. It is clear, said Brumby, that the specimens in the books were NOT all inserted at the same time, but progressively as new or repaired cancellers were issued.

The net result is however the same: the cancel we sought is not there; and the book is so damaged that one cannot tell if the cancel had ever been present.


Back to main narrative